City (pop., 1995 est.: 117,000), southwest of Jerusalem. It is a sacred city of Judaism and Islam as the home of Abraham and the site of his burial place, at the Cave of Machpelah. King David made Hebron his capital briefly in the 10th century BC. Muslims ruled the city from AD 635 until after World War I, except in 1100-1260, when the Crusaders controlled it. It was part of Palestine from 1923 until its annexation by Jordan in 1948. Captured by Israel during the Six-Day War (1967), it became part of the West Bank territory under Israeli administration. In 1997 Israel and the PLO aGREed on a partial Israeli pullout from Hebron.